Chemical peels – a procedure for applying to skin a chemical agent to cause the surface-controlled skin damage. After exclusion of damaged cells and the total skin surface acquires a more youthful and fresh appearance. Currently, chemical peels is a commonly used procedure to correct many cosmetic defects up to 25 years: acne, acne vulgaris, problem skin, treatment, and prevention of molluscum contagiosum. 25-30 years: the treatment of skin problems and the traumas of previous acne, prevention of skin aging, actinic dermatitis, hyperpigmentation. 30 years and over: prevention and correction cosmetic skin defects (wrinkles, creases, fading skin), hyperpigmentation of various etiologies, keratosis, prevention and treatment papillovirusnoy infection, preparing for a deep and operations.
Superficial chemical peels at the moment is the most secure, easily portable and which gives a stable result in the application for the prevention and correction of age-related skin changes. Practical experience in performing procedures proves that regular mild irritant to the skin gives stable effect the prevention of skin aging and the reduction of surface defects. To perform surface chemical peel is most commonly used AHA-natural organic acid with the hydroxyl group at carbon a-position, they are found in many fruits of this in everyday life are called fruit acids. The most studied and commonly used are glycolic and lactic acids. Glycolic Acid has the smallest molecule of all the aha, which provides it with high penetrating ability, for this reason, the most widely used. Clinical and histological studies have shown that the ana is very effective in the correction of irregularities of the skin surface, hyperpigmentation, fine lines, reducing the elasticity and turgor. Positive effect of glycolic acid due to its ability as a result of chronic exposure causes a decrease in melanocytes and leads to more uniform distribution of granules of melanin in the epidermal layer (melanin is responsible for pigmentation skin). Glycolic acid increases the content of glycosaminoglycans in the dermal and epidermal skin layer, which in turn bind the water, reducing the dryness of the skin – which in turn leads to a reduction or complete disappearance of wrinkles. Glycolic acid modulates ceramide synthesis comprising the epidermal barrier. This leads to an increase in its water-saving features, resulting in decreased transepidermal water loss. Thus, superficial chemical peels using glycolic acid affects virtually all stages of the mechanisms underlying the biological aging and photoaging.