The reading is of basic importance for the human development, being responsible for making possible the learning and the transmission of knowledge between the men. In addition, hodiernamente, with the modern life, the necessary individual each time more to raise its level of knowledge with intention to develop itself inside of the society and, is through the reading, that ways are opened to reach such end, therefore, for being the act to read exclusively human, this, individualiza it the measure that occupies definitive position in the society, being distinguished, in result of its capacity acquired cultural technique and, first, with the reading. Not obstante the reading, according to its gnese, to restrict it interpretation of a message codified for visual signs, the act to read exceeds the simple decoding of graphical signals a time that exist diverse languages that can be presented by intermediary of the reality. However, the true reading appears, initially, when the children start to play, to explore the environment, to carry through creations, to participate of daily tasks, at last, when they start to become related with interlocutors (adult/children), collating points of view and desires, changing emotions, affection and information. Thus, the citizen goes extending its references, conquering its autonomy, learning to share, to coexist, etc., that is, the child interacts actively with its half one, constructing its proper categories of thought, at the same time where it organizes the world. When the language is analyzed under the approach of education/learning, must in such a way be considered as communicative activity, be used when we act on our fellow creatures, how much representative and cognitiva activity through which we read/we represent the world. Understanding it reading in this feeling, can be affirmed, therefore, that it is about the world knowledge where the child if communicates and if express for diverse ways, still more, when many children do not obtain to delimit what it is a word, nor they know that all the said words can be written.
To construct the sustainable society, one becomes necessary to define common intentions, on which the rules of the certain direction of individual or collective actions, of any level, are based on the ethics, justice and the equity. Who constructs this society is small actions of each citizen, reflected in popular movements, lead for visionary leaders. Durant portraies which perfectly is the small actions that construct a civilization: The civilization is a river with edges. To the times the river is full of blood that comes of the people who are if killing, stealing, crying out and making things that the historians costumam to register. Meanwhile, in the edges, without being noticed, people construct houses, make love, create children, sing songs, write poetries and until they sculpture statues. The history of the civilization is history of what it happened in the edges of the rivers.
To the measure that a society if establishes on the social, economic equality and politics and on resources you renewed and you recycle, more support produces. In certain measure, it can until using sources you did not renew, but, if making, that it is in rational way without harming the future generations. Of this form, to be sustainable, any enterprise human being must be ecologically correct, viable, economically socially just and culturally accepted. An example clearly of sustainable society is the style of aboriginal life, that if bases solely on sources renewed of energy, basically the photosyntheses. These communities do not use fsseis fuels, and the firewood is used in sustainable way. Visible destruction of the environment does not occur, therefore it adaptam. Group lives in idyllic way for the sustenance it, highly structuralized by means of the abundance of fruits, hunts and fishes. Straw habitations of and wood live in coarse that are displayed to the time. They do not have idea of property nor social desires of distinctions and vanities.
Brazil evolves in the index of steel recycling for drinks (78% for 88%),1 latinha weighs 14,5 grams. 67 latinhas corresponds the 1 kg Each 1,000 kg corresponds the 5,000 kg of rude ore (bauxite) saved. Source: Brazil possesss one of the 3 bigger bauxite reserves of the world, to recycle aluminum is expenses only 5% of the energy used in the extration, that is, a economy enough to keep illuminated 48 residences. In Brazil inhabitants are consumed 51 cans//year. In U.S.A.
375 cans/inhabitants/year, an aluminum can delay 100 years more than to putrefy themselves in natureza.2.5. Implantation of logistic reversa: 1 – Adequacy of Mix de the Produtos.2- Project for Logistic Reversa packings. 3 – Industrial processes, strategy organizacional.4- Competitiveness and Enterprise Responsibility. 5 – Specific functions, Analysis of the Cycle of Life. 6 – Project of the Reversa.7- Net Levels of Integrao.8- Collections, Consolidation, Mercados and Informaes.9- Partnerships Terceirizaes.10- Project of the Fiscais.10-Classification Aspects of the Propriedades.2.6. Categories of Produced Goods: Milk (2003) classifies the products in three different classrooms, a time that different products possess different times of discardings, where some products can last hours while others can last decades, being they: 1.
Dismissable goods: They are those that present useful life of weeks rare six months (Former: ice cream); 2. Durable goods: They are goods that present useful life varying of some years to some decades. They constitute good for satisfaction of the social necessity and include the industrial goods in general. The automobiles, the household-electric ones are part of this category; 3. Semidurable goods: they are good that presents useful life of some months, rare superior to some years. They are of a category intermediate that assumes characteristics of durable or dismissable to the measure that reverses (Former enter in the canals: batteries of cellular, computers and etc.). We can also classify product reverse in categories according to type of return which it is subject, in agreement one if follows: 1.
To reach objectives, the players pass for a process decomunicao intra and intergrupal, where he is demanded of all usarhabilidades as: 1. To hear, to process, to understand and to repass information; 2. To give and to receive feedback from form accomplish; 3. To disagree with courtesy, being respected the opinion of the others; 4. To adopt cooperation positions; 5.
To yield space for the colleagues; 6. To move of opinion; To treat conflitivas ideas with flexibility and neutrality. The use of games of companies if became each more present time American nasuniversidades in 1963, a study of the University of the Texasmostrou that the majority of the schools dedicated 40% of the time of the course dePoltica business-oriented to the case studies, 30% to readings and 20% to the osjogos of companies. Had to the positive results, its use extended others to it areas, arriving at Brazil with total force in the decade of 1980. The primeirosjogos that had appeared in Brazil had been translated, and the eramimportados models. Currently, already teams of professional econsultores exist developing simulator that they portray with fidedignidade Brazilian enterprise situations asprincipais. Objectives of the Games of Companies 1.
Training: to develop in the participants the ability of tomardecises through the exercise and experiences in a simulated environment, toparecido how much possible to the environment in which the same ones will have that serrealmente played; 2. Didactic: to transmit specific knowledge (knowledge, techniques and instruments) of the field of practical and experimental the Business administration of ummodo; 3. Research: using the scene propitiated for the game of companies comoum laboratory stops: to discover solutions for enterprise problems; to clarify and to test aspects of the Economic Theory; to search aspects dTeoria of the Administration and to investigate the egrupal individual behavior in conditions of taking of decisions under time pressure eincerteza; 4. Practical that they stimulate performance increases; 5.
While to the impeditive factors for enterprising activities, only 32% of the interviewed ones had assumed to have in the fear a factor hinders that them to create its proper business. The enterprising attitude of Brazil, pertaining to the category efficiency-driven, presents the sixth bigger TEA (Tax of entrepreneurs in the initial period of training) of the category, in the value of 15,3%. Brazil is distinguished for having as characteristic trace a considerable stability, keeping a percentage of TEA around 13% between 2001 the 2008. In relation to the discontinuity Brazil presented a reduction in the index of 2009, that he was 5.9%, in comparison with the previous years. The main reasons of the discontinuity of the business had been the financial problems, difficulties in obtaining loans and low profitability. In what it refers to the enterprising aspirations Brazil adopted a shy position, with HEA (Index of High Performance) in the value of 0,5%, behind practically all the considered countries of Latin America in this analysis.
Little more than 50% of the entrepreneurs do not possess hope of creation of ranks of work in the stated period five year, becoming the year of 2009, one of the most limited in this criterion. In relation to the capacity of creation of new products or services for the entrepreneurs, Brazil revealed with one of the lesser indices of newness between all the participant countries, little more than 15%. In the criterion intensity of the competitiveness, the Brazilians had shown to be unaware of its niche of market correctly, therefore 95% of the interviewed ones had said to be submitted to some form of direct competition. Of these around two submitted teros then to much competition. As specialists the shy global results reached by relationary Brazil if directly with the absence of politics governmental effective of support to the entrepreneur, the lack of basic education and superior education. Soon for the reinforcement of the empreendedorismo Brazil must adopt politics to enable the entrepreneurs, supplying information techniques regarding the market, improving with this its positioning in its niche, moreover must simplify the procedures and regulations of legal nature, stimulating of this form an enterprising position on the part of the Brazilians. REFERENCES DORNELAS, Jose Carlos Assis.
Empreendedorismo: transforming ideas into businesses. 3. ed., rev. current e. Rio De Janeiro: Elsevier: Campus, c2008. AXE, Joana Paula et al. Empreendedorismo in Brazil 2009. Curitiba, IBQP: 2010.
In the educational scope it was not different. However, the democratization desire was to the little abandoned one and substituted for quality yearnings, having this a happened conception of the enterprise world and reflecting the interests of the ruling class, after all, a democratization does not correspond to the characteristics of the capitalism. The world of the businesses if became reference for all the actions of the man; everything turns around the logic of the market, that said the rules of the game thus the ruling class dominates each time more and believes that the quality of the professional reflects in the product quality, thus reflecting in the amount of the profit. As Snows (2007) the education proposal neoliberal is the proposal of the Brazilian bourgeoisie and its allies. This proposal, formulated and stimulated technique and financially for the international organisms for the underdeveloped countries …
… the pertaining to school education, in all the levels and modalities of education, starts to have as purposes to spread out and to sediment, enters the current and future generations, the enterprise culture, what it means to eticamente conform them technique and eticamente to the occured qualitative changes in world-wide level in the social relations of capitalist production … … the pertaining to school education if would destine, then, to prepare for the simple work and the complex work to give account of the biggest scientific rationality required by the current period of training of organization of the work … With regard to the education of quality, such perspective understands as something that must be granted who will have half to assure it, not as right of all. … The great strategical operation of the neoliberalismo consists of transferring to the education of the sphere of the politics to the sphere of the market, thus questioning its character of right and reducing it its condition of property.
In this model, the external 0 variable are not considered alone the interns. Soon after, the model appeared of & ldquo; Organizations as Cultural Sphere, Simblica and Poltica& rdquo; , being the organization, an open system. This is an opposing vision to the previous one, where the organization is not only based on objectives predetermined for superiors, this model, the objectives of the organization is defined by the interactions existing human beings, in the confrontation of action, values and interests politicians (STRAUSS, 1956; BERGER and LUCKMANN, 1967; PNONDY, 1983; GOFFMAN, 1953; 1961) apud (MOTTA; VASCONCELLOS, 2004). It, MOTTA is given credit that the organization is the result of a based social construction in the interactions of the existing groups in it, (; VASCONCELLOS, 2004) then, from this, identify the organization as: It constitutes a microssociedade that reproduces the social stratification for classrooms of the global society in which she is inserted. The diverse organizacionais groups have particular cultures and proper interests.
One exists series of conflicts between the interests politicians of each group and the organization is considered a space cultural politician and of continuous confrontation. (pg.285) Later the vision appeared of the organization as a social actor who constructs and modifies the environment where he acts, this model is contrary to the one of the Classic School that separated the internal environment of the external one. From studies of (BURNS; STALKER, 1961) apud (MOTTA; VASCONCELLOS, 2004) had appeared two types of organization, each one adapting to its environment, are they: the organization mechanics and the organic organization. The first one would be a centered organization more in the formality, with the restricted and vertical communication, the existence of a formal organization chart and the centralization of the power. Already in the organic organization the communication is a little vertical and a little horizontal, the power is decentralized and it does not have much difference of hierarchic level.
One of the features of this market is that demand for oil and fat products has a distinct seasonal pattern – in the fall and splash winter and summer meltdown. Margarine – perishable product that requires special transportation and storage conditions, so the summer for producers – hard time. However, the development of civilized forms of trade – and the super- Hypermarkets – allows for proper storage conditions in places prodazh.IGROKI In Ukraine there are about 30 manufacturers of margarine. Only two of them can be attributed to the largest producers, the share of in total production of margarine more than 10%. In 2009, it is of "Creative" (27%) and JSC "Zaporizhzhya Oil and Fat" (24%). Up to 10% share of total production of margarine produced in 2009: UAB "Lviv zhirkombinat" (10%), JSC "Kharkov fat plant" (10%), JSC "Kyiv Margarine Factory" (7%), OJSC "Vinnytsia Oil and Fat Plant" (6%), OOO "Tulchinsky Butter" (5% ), JSC "Odessa Oil and Fat Plant" (3%), OOO "Avis" (3%), OJSC "Reshetylivskiy Creamery" (1%), CJSC "Illichivsk oil and fat plant" (1%), OOO "Empire of fat '(1%), OOO" BMB Margarine "(1%), OOO "Factory of modern food technology" (1%). Zaporizhzhya Oil and Fat annually produces about 80 tons of margarine.
At the same time the company said that in the short term plan to increase production to 100 thousand tons. The range of margarine products company presented margarine, soft margarines and margarines and fats for the food industry. Another leading company in the oil and fat industry is zhirkombinat Lviv (TM "Rich"). For over 50 years this company specializes in producing high quality margarine, mayonnaise and fat. Production capacity of plant for the production of margarine products are more than 200 tons per day, of which 115 tonnes of packaged products. The activities of the three leaders of oil and fat industry – oil and fat Zaporozhye, Lvov and Kharkov zhirkombinata lipid complex – the combined companies' Agrokosm. " This company and its partners have offices in all regions of Ukraine, as well as in Russia. Thanks to an efficient logistics, a wide range of products and synergistic retail sale of margarine and mayonnaise under the trademarks "Rich" "Oll", "Zaporzky", "CLC" economically viable even for small retail tochek.PROGNOZY AND PROSPECTS In preparing forecasts for the Ukrainian market margarine expert opinions diverge.
Some insist on that the market will be reduced margarine. To confirm his words, they result in the fact that margarine has formed a negative image caused by the poor quality of the product and shortages of butter to the Soviet time. Therefore, the number of consumers of butter, a natural product that is much more than consumers of margarine. But on the other hand, due to the active promotion of healthy eating and so benefits of margarine, a low cholesterol, low fat content (even on sale there halvariny – a fat margarine and 35% less) and relatively low cost, this product will be not less than active demand from consumers and tomorrow. Needs to reflect, for example, that Europe's population prefers margarine instead of butter. The material was prepared using data from Goskomstat, the IAA "Soyuz-Inform" business press in Ukraine
Cane Corso became popular because it is perfect in the Merchant satellite rights in the contemporary world. It combines the dedication and extraordinary sensitivity, rapid ponimanimanie rules and regulations, the amazing adaptation to life in urban environments. Cane Corso – perfect for silent but understanding each other. Cane Corso can spend hours to be around, lie at the feet of the host, without interfering with his work. It is worth special attention and conflict Cane Corso in contact with other animals and people, it seems that her dignity does not allow her to sink to small skirmishes. Balanced character of Cane Corso, however, will continued only for as long as the dog does not feel a threat to the host and his relatives. Although it is unusual that a dog that was bred in poor rural areas of Italy, became a symbol of respectability in our time, but there is no doubt that the breed Cane Corso waiting more glorious and celebrated the future.
If necessary, apply chock tool (reeling out the ax, snap). The resulting product, in this way is called forging. Form, and the more weight forgings may vary (eg, weight forgings can up to 350 tons and more). The difference is that small and medium-sized forgings are made from rolled billets and large – from ingots. The most widely forged to get air and vapor-air hammers.
Small size of workpiece is treated with pneumatic hammers. The principle of a pneumatic hammer: there are two interconnected cylinders, the working and the compressor. In the role of the elastic connection acts air that is blown piston alternately in the upper and the lower part of the working cylinder, which drives the firing pin, which begins to strike the workpiece. Blows per minute firing pin can be anywhere from 95 to 225. Weight incident of this hammer can reach 1000 kg. Switchgear helps keep the striker at the top or bottom positions. Started work in the hammer with an electric motor.
Vapor-air hammers double actions are used for processing forgings of medium size, having a mass of up to 3 m. The falling of a hammer of mass 1 – 5 tons driven by steam power or compressed air, the frequency of beats per minute – 30 to 60. To work large forgings needed press – hydraulic or parogidravlicheskie. The principle of the hydraulic press is based on the law of Pascal. There is a transfer pressure of up to 20 MPa, was created in the working cylinder, the workpiece through the plunger, Traverse, the firing pin. Parogidravlicheskie different from hydraulic press so that they have a multiplier that can increase pressure to 60-80 psi. Water is supplied to the working cylinder of multiplier. Unique to the modern presses can handle bars up to 500 tons, because such media are operating force until 2000 meganyutonov. Designed to process the workpiece is placed between the movable upper and lower fixed strikers press or hammer. The direction of deformation, or, in other words, the flow of the metal blanks indicate the surface dies and bed-tools, which are in contact with him. When pulling cross-section of workpiece decreases and its length – is increasing. Billets have across dies, moves and Kant it 90 degrees after each compression. First forge a square, while the rate of deformation is the large, and then, if necessary, preparation or rounding the form. To speed up the curved broach used rolling and brisk, which increase the elongation of one compression. In the process of forging a metal workpiece in precipitation increased cross-section due to altitude. When bending the workpiece is clamped between the strikers hammer, you need a local heating of the workpiece. To obtain the same section and place the bend, and the entire length of the workpiece, pre-planting to do – draft of the piece. To flash the holes in the workpiece up to half its thickness proshiven hammered, then harvest should be reversed, and punch a hole through it. Barrel arbor helps to align or expand the hole. Otrubka done with axes. To smooth out small-scale forgings used trowels and large – with the help of light strikes the hammer dies. Can be used to furnish suitable crimping. You can understand even if you're a person, that the process of forging is not easy, but what we can contemplate the beauty in the form of a variety of forged products!