University of the State of So Paulo society has passed for diverse changes, is economic, social, cultural they or politics, reflecting significantly in the Education, thus, inside of this context, the education of Geography meets, that also is reached by these transformations, therefore looks for to take care of to the necessities of the most varied layers of the society, reflecting regarding contents and the methods of education. According to Cavalcanti, Particularly, pertaining to school Geography has looked for to think its paper about this society in change, indicating new contents, reaffirming others, reatualizando some others, questioning conventional methods, claiming new methods. (2002. P. 11). The Movement of Renewal of Geography in the end of the decade of 1970 is considered as initial landmark in Brazil, of the innovations in the metodolgicos processes of pertaining to school Geography.
Exactly with such reforms it did not have the significant advance that one expected in the education of Geography. It is basic, inside of the education of Geography, as in excessively, reflections on the abilities of orientation, localization, cartographic representation and reading of maps are developed throughout the formation of the pupils. The cartography contents help to approach the subjects geographic s (National Curricular Parameters) as transversal because of its analysis to interdisciplinar, being that this if evidences from the moment that the subject environment is observed in the set disciplines of them and the contribution that each one of them offers for the same. The main focus of the object of study of Geography is the geographic space, therefore it is about our resultant reality of our actions and so that this happens it is necessary that the people develop a espacialidade perception. In this context the school has the paper to work this knowledge. Thus, Straforini (2005) points queO paper of the Education, and inside of this, of the education of Geography is to bring to tona the necessary conditions for the evidenciao of the contradictions of the society from the space, so that in its agreement and clarification a inconformismo can appear> e, from there, one another possibility for the condition of the existence human being.